# Project homepage: Solving Algebraic Equations

Sponsored by

Project leaders:
Project members:

## Project data

Sponsor:
Duration:
• 2006 Oct.- 2009 Oct.

## Project description

The overall goal is to develop tools and techniques for the construction and the geometric understanding of the solution variety of polynomial equations in real and complex affine space, in power series rings and in p-adic spaces. This is our notion of "solving". Moreover, we want to use these techniques, together with already existing tools, in order to provide devices for representing algebraic varieties to an audience inside and outside mathematics.

The project has four specific themes:
• Synthetic geometry:
Conceptualize mathematically the geometry of algebraic varieties as they are perceived by the human eye and stored by the brain. Develop tools to construct varieties with prescribed geometric properties.
• Arc spaces:
Study solutions of algebraic equations in power series spaces and in the field of p-adic numbers using methods of global analysis (e.g., the Rank Theorem for analytic maps between power series spaces).
• Fibrations:
Describe surfaces as families of moving curves (as in cartesian products, ruled surfaces, surfaces of revolution). Give criteria and constructions for natural fibrations.
• Visualization:
Produce authentic pictures of real surfaces exhibiting special geometric configurations. Compose these pictures to a movie which explains main geometric concepts and phenomena of algebraic varieties.

## Examples of visualizations

 figure 1 figure 2 figure 3 figure 4 figure 5

• figure 1: The cartesian product of a plane cusp and node embedded isomorphically into R^3.
• figure 2: Example of singularity which is not mikado at the common intersection point, of equation y*z*(x^2+y-z) = 0.
• figure 3: Family of four lines with varying cross ratio of equation x*y*(x-y)*(x-zy).
• figure 4: Degeneration of node to a cusp. The equation is x^2=z^3-y^2*z^2.
• figure 5: The generation of a surface by a fibration with curves. Cartesian product of plane cusp with itself embedded into R^3.